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Canada has already implemented its version of the YPA (Youth Promise Act), the YCJA (Youth Criminal Justice Act) back in 2003.
A report created for the New South Wales (Australia's most populous state) Minister for Juvenile Justice by Noetic Solutions Pty Ltd, a strategic management and knowledge consulting firm specializing in the business of government, deemed Canada's implementation a successful one with achievement of its goals of diversion of youth into community-based alternatives resulting in reduced youth incarceration. That report can be seen here: http://www.djj.nsw.gov.au/pdf_htm/publications/general/Juvenile%20J....
To see other independent evaluations of the YCJA which I have compiled, that in general, view it as a success, see the attachment to this discussion.
An area of improvement I picked up on from reading the evaluation comments of the Canadian YCJA was the need for greater availability and a wider assortment of community-based alternatives for Canadian youth to be diverted into. It doesn’t sound like Canada had provided sufficient funding for the YCJA to make this happen. With a relatively modest price tag of $1.9 billion over a five-year time period ($7 per American), the Youth PROMISE Act appears well positioned to capitalize on Canada’s implementation experience by ensuring there is sufficient funding up front for evidence-based community alternatives that are proven to reduce recidivism.
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